Plant-based diets important for protecting world biodiversity, according to a new analysis


Plant based diet


According to a survey, the global food system is the leading cause of environmental catastrophe, and a transition to largely plant-based diets is critical for reversing the harm. 

 According to the Chatham House think tank's analysis, agriculture is the primary threat to 86 percent of the 28,000 species recognized to be endangered.
It stated that unless anything is done, biodiversity loss will continue to accelerate, posing a threat to humanity's ability to survive. 

According to the paper, the main problem is a vicious cycle of cheap food, in which low costs drive higher demand for food and more waste, with greater competition driving costs even down by removing natural land and using toxic fertilisers and pesticides. 

The UN Environment Program (Unep) supported the report, which focused on three options. Because cattle, sheep, and other animals have the greatest environmental impact, the first step is to switch to a plant-based diet. 

According to the Chatham House report, half of the world's natural ecosystems have been lost since 1970, and the average population size of wild animals has decreased by 68%.

Farmed animals, primarily cows and pigs, currently make up 60% of all mammals by weight, with humans accounting for 36% and animals accounting for only 4%.

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